7 June 2010
Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Bill 2010
On 2 June 2010, the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Bill 2010 was introduced into the House of Representatives.
Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights
The Bill provides for the establishment of a Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights (JCHR) (clause 4), which will be made up of 5 members of the Senate and 5 members of the House of Representatives (clause 5(1)), and which will examine and report on bills, legislative instruments and Acts for compatibility with human rights (clause 7). 'Human rights' means the rights and freedoms recognised or declared by key international human rights instruments as they apply in Australia (clauses 3(1) and (2)).
Statements of compatibility
The Bill also requires that a member of Parliament who proposes to introduce a bill must cause a statement of compatibility to be prepared, and a member who introduces a bill, or another member on their behalf, must cause the statement of compatibility to be presented to the House (clauses 8(1) and (2)). Further, a rule maker in relation to a legislative instrument which is subject to disallowance under s 42 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 must cause a statement of compatibility to be prepared in relation to the instrument (clause 9(1)). This statement will need to be in the explanatory statement for the legislative instrument (Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) (Consequential Provisions) Bill 2010, Schedule 1, item 4). A statement of compatibility will assess whether that bill or legislative instrument is compatible with human rights (clauses 8(3) and 9(2)). However, it will not be binding on any tribunal or court (clauses 8(4) and 9(3)), and failure to prepare a statement will not affect the validity, operation or enforcement of the Act or legislative instrument (clauses 8(5) and 9(4)).
Human Rights Framework
The Bill is part of Australia's Human Rights Framework, announced on 21 April 2010 by the Attorney-General. The Framework is the government response to the recommendations contained in the National Human Rights Consultation Report, which was released on 8 October 2009.
Other recommendations of the Report for a Human Rights Act, and relevant amendments of the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 and the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 will not be pursued at this time. However, as the Attorney-General mentioned in announcing the Framework and in the Second Reading Speech for the Bill, the statements of compatibility and any report of the JCHR will be extrinsic material which can be considered in interpreting legislation (see s 15AB of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901).
For further information please contact:
Attorney-General's Department contact:
Human Rights Branch, Attorney-General's Department
T 6141 3455
Robert Orr QC
Chief General Counsel
T 02 6253 7129 F 02 6253 7304
National Practice Leader Government
T 02 6253 7074 F 02 6253 7304
Senior General Counsel
T 02 6253 7374 F 02 6253 7304
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