Express law No. 57

3 July 2007

Amendments to the Native Title Act 1993

Background

In September 2005, the Attorney-General, the Hon. Philip
Ruddock MP, announced a package of reforms to improve
the performance of the native title system.

The package included six interrelated elements:

  • measures to improve the effectiveness of representative
    Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander bodies (representative
    bodies)
  • an independent review of native title claims resolution
    processes (the Claims Resolution Review)
  • measures to encourage the effective functioning of
    prescribed bodies corporate (PBCs), the bodies established
    to manage native title once it is recognised
  • technical amendments to the Native Title Act 1993
  • reforms to the Guidelines on the Provision of Financial
    Assistance by the Attorney-General under the Native
    Title Act 1993 (Respondent Funding Guidelines) to
    encourage agreement making rather than litigation and
  • increased dialogue and consultation with State and
    Territory governments to promote and encourage more transparent
    practices in the resolution of native title issues.

Aspects of the reform package required amendments to the Native
Title Act 1993. These amendments were progressed
in two stages.

Native Title Amendment Act 2007

The Native Title Amendment Act 2007 (2007 Act)
came into force on 15 April 2007. The 2007 Act implements
key components of the government's package of reforms
relating to the Claims Resolution Review, representative
bodies, PBCs and the provision of funding to respondents
in native title claims.

Claims Resolution Review

The 2007 Act includes amendments to:

  • promote better communication and coordination between
    the Federal Court and the National Native Title Tribunal
    (NNTT)
  • remove the duplication of functions between the Court
    and the NNTT
  • improve the effectiveness of NNTT mediation and
  • facilitate improved behaviour of parties.

These reforms will enable the Court and the NNTT to work
together in guiding parties to facilitate agreement and
will ensure that those cases where agreement cannot be
reached are identified earlier and may be resolved more
expeditiously by the Court.

Representative bodies

The 2007 Act introduces a new regime for representative
bodies which:

  • introduces fixed-term recognition periods for representative
    bodies
  • broadens the range of organisations that can become
    representative bodies
  • simplifies the criteria for recognising and withdrawing
    recognition from representative bodies and
  • makes it easier to change representative body areas.

Prescribed bodies corporate

The 2007 Act allows an existing PBC to be used for subsequent
native title determinations and enables regulations to
be amended to give native title holders more flexibility
to determine when they want to be consulted by their PBC.

Respondent Funding Guidelines

The revised Respondent Funding Guidelines commenced on
1 January 2007. The guidelines were revised to encourage
agreement making, rather than litigation, to resolve native
title issues. The 2007 Act provides assistance in a wider
range of circumstances for work in relation to the right
to negotiate process.

Native Title Amendment (Technical Amendments) Bill 2007

The Native Title Amendment (Technical Amendments) Bill
2007 (2007 Technical Amendments Bill) was passed
by Parliament on 20 June 2007. It has not yet received
Royal Assent. The 2007 Technical Amendments Bill primarily
comprises minor and technical amendments to clarify processes
and remove impediments without unduly impacting on the
procedures established in the Native Title Act 1993.
Some of the technical amendments will:

  • improve the process for notifying Indigenous Land
    Use Agreements
  • amend notification provisions to ensure appropriate
    parties are notified of new or amended claims
  • exempt amended claims from going through the registration
    test where the amendments would not affect the interests
    of other parties, such as where the rights and interests
    being claimed are reduced
  • provide for de novo review of registration
    decisions by a member of the NNTT in addition to the
    existing provision for review by the Court
  • restrict the use of information obtained by the NNTT
    in exercising its assistance function and
  • clarify when information is added to, amended on or
    removed from the registers setting out details of native
    title claims, determinations and Indigenous Land Use
    Agreements.

Most of these technical amendments will come into force
on a date to be fixed by proclamation.

The 2007 Technical Amendments Bill also includes other
minor amendments to provisions relating to representative
bodies. In addition, it permits PBCs to charge fees for
certain native title negotiations and allows for the prescription
of a body to perform PBC functions in certain limited circumstances.

More information

For more information about the reforms to the native title
system see http://www.ag.gov.au/nativetitlesystemreform.

For further information please contact:

Peter Jeffery
Senior General Counsel
T 02 6253 7091 F 02 6253 7304
peter.jeffery@ags.gov.au

Gavin Loughton
Senior Executive Lawyer
T 02 6253 7203 F 02 6253 7383
gavin.loughton@ags.gov.au

Important: The material in Express law is
provided to clients as an early, interim view for general
information only, and further analysis on the matter
may be prepared by AGS. The material should not be
relied upon for the purpose of a particular matter.
Please contact AGS before any action or decision is
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